Unlike happening from the old-fashioned cradles of Bosnian Sufism their previous dervish lodges during the western elements of key Bosnia


KariA‡i

KariA‡i mosque in central Bosnian highlands, where in fact the yearly three-day pilgrimage commemorating Hajdar-dedo KariA‡a€”an ahead of time messenger of Islam in Bosnia, a dervish sheikh, and a colleague of Jesus (evlija)a€”takes destination. Photograph by David Henig, 2009.

Even though Yugoslav communist regime oppressed and exercised widespread control over numerous spiritual signs and get togethers, it did not prohibit the KariA‡i pilgrimage, that is certainly possibly amazing since the pilgrimage has actually typically recently been well-attended ( MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196). In 1993, during the Bosnian battle (1992a€“95) a Yugoslav National Army reservoir caused with the old solid wood mosque. The surfaces was at the amount of time hardly easily accessible, because there were lots of landmines spread out in the earth surrounding the pilgrimage webpages, extremely neighborhood Muslims temporarily prepared the annual party in a nearby provincial area mosque. As soon as the battle, the landscape ended up being little by little de-mined. The wooden mosque got reconstructed in 2002 while the pilgrimage entirely rejuvenate.

Although their renovation would be started by a group of regional interested Muslims, the mosque along with terrain it sits on are legally held and entry to them is subject to the state-approved Islamic people (Islamska Zajednica). The Islamic society can also be to blame for setting up the yearly KariA‡i pilgrimage. The pilgrimage happen at the end of July. The go steady was counted according to the earlier Julian calendar because 11th Tuesday after Jurjevdan (i.e., St. George’s night, might 6). The pilgrimage starts by week’s noon prayer and persists through to the Sunday midday prayer. Merely male Muslims are permitted to enroll in at KariA‡i.

The pilgrimage collecting typically involves reciting regarding the entire Qua€™ran (hatma pigeon), performing song revering Allah (ilahija), and various execution like the recital of mevlud passages both in Turkish and Bosnian, tevhid for footstool and Bosnian martyrs (A?ehide), and combined devotional and delighted prayer, kijam zikr (Arabic, qiyam dhikr). 2 The kijam zikr is carried out by dervishes and led by a dervish sheikh. More pilgrims typically discover versus become involved in this form of prayer, as dervishes have got traditionally been developed of ambiguously and happened to be deemed as the Islamic a€?other withina€? for the former Yugoslavia ( Bringa 1995 :221; Duijzings 2000 :107). But the devotional prayer throughout the pilgrimage was executed during socialist occasions. This is often possibly important, because, when you look at the 1950s, the Islamic Community, with the Yugoslav condition’s suggestions, banned all dervish commands in Bosnia-Herzegovina to become a€?devoid of educational valuea€? ( Algar 1971 :196). 3

Unlike the fact belonging to the standard cradles of Bosnian Sufism their earlier dervish lodges during the american parts of main Bosnia (cf. Algar 1971 ; A?ehajiA‡ 1986 ; MiA?ijeviA‡ 1997 ), the continuity of dervish commands is cut during the north elements. Ergo, KariA‡i continues widely introduced and understood for a long period entirely as a location of Muslim yearly pilgrimage. However, into the later 1980s, a dervish list of the Rifaa€™i purchase, which I in addition have read, would be formed in the region. 4 within its find reliability as well as the renovation of Sufi coaching (tesavuf) in the region, the group entwined the name utilizing the traditional number of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡. Even though the dervish class these days traces the name through their sheikh’s a€?spiritual lineagea€?(silsila) to Kosovo, the dervishes start thinking about KariA‡i her religious cradle, and additionally they conceive of Hajdar-dedo KariA‡ like the messenger of Sufism in the region in addition to their spiritual forefather.

Ajvatovica

The Ajvatovica pilgrimage has a tremendous character inside the techniques community Muslims through the crucial Bosnian highlands think about the change of worthy landscapes a€?after socialism.a€? Within their narratives and everyday chats, my own village partners frequently juxtaposed KariA‡i and the Ajvatovica pilgrimages. But almost all ones never pilgrimed to Ajvatovica.

The Ajvatovica pilgrimage, near to the village of Prusac, boasts figures like those of the KariA‡i website, as far back as the seventeenth 100 years and involving another well-known messenger of Islam, effendi (as well as dervish sheikh) Ajvaz-dedo. The stories declare that Ajvaz-dedo had been a pal of Lord (evlija). When he came to Prusac, there was no correct water system inside town. There was best a spring near the community, but it really ended up being blocked by a rock. Ajvaz-dedo spent 40 period wishing to Allah, and on the 40th week they wished for two white rams colliding. When he woke awake, the rock got divided in two. Regional villagers observed this as magic (keramet) and advantage (bereket), and, since then, need pilgrimed within the spot where in actuality the stone divide.

Unlike the KariA‡i pilgrimage, the Ajvatovica was actually formally prohibited throughout the socialist duration, in 1947 (cf. MulahaliloviA‡ 1989 :192a€“196), and is restored only inside 1990, mainly through engagement belonging to the Islamic Community; various media, for example the Islamic weekly publication Preporod; as well as the Stranka Demokratske Akcije (SDA; Party of Democratic Action), led at the moment by Alija IzetbegoviA‡. Areas where in fact the Ajvatovica pilgrimage internet site is based was operated and defended while in the war by the Bosnian army, and, therefore, through public rhetoric, acquired the character of a holy area, showing the continuity of a threatened Muslim area as well as cultural tradition (cf. Rujanac in hit ).

It rapidly was clear if you ask me which approach the Ajvatovica pilgrimage was orchestrated today takes on a very important role in Bosnian Muslim national public national politics, as ruled from Islamic neighborhood, and even figuring conspicuously in regional conversations. Ajvatovica is presented because of the Islamic society like the main yearly Muslim collecting in European countries, one with longer continuity, in spite of the adult friend finder log in certified bar required in 1947. As it is orchestrated and choreographed, a€?The Days of Ajvatovicaa€? (Dani Ajvatovice) uncover as an assemblage of spiritual pilgrimage, political acquiring, and sociable procession comprised of a variety of events, gigs, and lectures which can be generally presented and offered because Islamic area through many billboards. The Ajvatovica pilgrimage is actually recommended, to paraphrase numerous hometown origins, as a a€?manifestation of tradition and dependable continuity of Bosniak [Muslim] name and culturea€? and as the a€?largest Muslim collecting in Europea€? (for example, notice Ajvatovica.org.ba 2010 ). Also, inside my fieldwork, I became continuously assured that Ajvatovica was once an all-male collecting, although after 1990 it actually was widely advertised within the nationalized rhetoric as a gathering for many Muslims. To phrase it differently, the Ajvatovica pilgrimage would be reorchestrated and instrumentalized in Bosniak governmental discourse as a fertile symbolization in post-Yugoslav public discussions on collective Bosnian Muslim identity along with Bosniaksa€™ seek out reliability as an independent post-Yugoslav world (nacija).

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